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Full text of "Rapid Population Growth Consequences And Policy Implications"

justice, 621-25; based on freedom, 625-29; based on impartiality, 635-36; based on sympathetic understanding, 634-36; based on veracity, 634-35; meaning of, 620-21; for positive and negative incentives, 165, 621-25
Ethnic groups. See Groups
Europe: abortion in, 481, 503-4; attitudes on population growth in, 534-39, 541; demographic data on, 106, 112, 679; opposition to family planning in, 539-41; resource-environment situation in, 224, 228, 231, 256; stationary birth level in, 648. See also Developed countries; Eastern Europe
Exports. See Trade
Family: and dependency burden, 116-17; in micro-analysis, 148-49; perception of benefits of lowered fertility by, 214-16; private vs. social values of, 152n, 170, 210-17, 619, 627, 631, 633; reproductive decisions of, 149-72; reproductive responses to higher income of, 264, 265-66, 268; savings and investment of, 151, 153, 155-56, 245, 263-66, 268; spending for education of, 352-53. See also Children; Family size
Family planning programs: acceptance of, 391-93; attitudes on, 514, 539-60, 595-96; effectiveness of, 119-20, 136, 144, 356-61, 391,501, 618-20; expenditures on, 383-84; goals of, 118-19, 213, 217-19, 369-70, 383-84, 399-400, 618; health services for, 372, 384, 389-99; international assistance for, 385; voluntary nature of, 210-14, 219, 383-84, 619-20. See also Abortion; Birth control; Contraceptives; Fertility control
Family size: aggravating effects of, 450-52; and child welfare, 178, 179, 452-56, 632, 634; desired and actual, 456; and educational costs, 352-53; effects of changes in, 455-56, 582-85; and food expenditures, 445-48; ideals of, 176n, 119, 120, 619, 633; and illness, 406-9; and intelligence, 181-85, 189, 424-29, 453-55; knowledge about, 405-6; and maternal care, 448-52; and medical expenditures, 448; and mortality, 409-18; norms of, 119,
491-501, 511-12, 610; and paternal health, 429-30; and physical development, 182-87, 189, 418-24; policy goals for, 156-57. See also Birth interval; Children; Family; Fertility
Family system, 581-82 Famine, 246, 252, 267 Fertility: age-specific, 131; determinants of, 126, 404, 480, 491-500, 511-12, 574, 610; family determinants of, 149-72; future trends in, 329-30; increasing, 371, 560; and national educational goals, 327-28, 339-50; in population control, 200-201; at stationary level, 640-41; See also Fertility decline; Population growth
Fertility control policies: based on family interests, 210-14; based on society's needs, 214-18; costs-benefits of, 209-17; motivation for, 119-20; need for governmental intervention in, 214-18. See also Family planning programs; Population policy
Fertility decline: and abortion, 126rc,501, 522-24; acceleration of, 131-38; arguments for and against, 203-5; assessment of, 664-66; and cultural practices, 126, 127; delayed effects of, 158, 370, 580, 650; economic effects of, 117, 202-9; and educational goals, 329-30, 339-41, 343-61; future trends in, 118-21; and health services, 397-99; measuring effects of, 205-7; socioeco-nomic indicators of, 124-25, 352-55, 491-500, 630-31, 633. See also Demographic transition; Family planning programs
Fertilizers: in agriculture, 248, 252, 255-56, 258, 260, 262, 263, 267; resource-environment, aspects of, 223, 228-31,234,235,239
Fetal mortality, 371
Fiji, 128
Finland, 484, 502,519, 521
Fisheries, 228
Food, demand for, 207, 245-46, 248, 249-50, 352-53; family spending for, 445-48; and nutrition, 105, 182, 186-87, 225-26, 250; supply of, 206-7, 224, 225-32, 241, 245-68. See also Agriculture; Malnutrition